17 April 2017

Gull-billed Terns

The Gull-billed Tern (Gelochelidon nilotica) is a spring passage migrant, with sometimes flocks of several hundred in Hong Kong in spring.

When viewing noisy and quarrelsome flocks like this, it's easy to forget what a bold and elegant hunter of mudflat crabs it can be....

All these photos were taken in April 2017 at Mai Po Nature Reserve, Hong Kong.

11 April 2017

“Po Toi and HK Southern Waters”

Long-tailed Skua - Stercorarius longicaudus

“Po Toi and HK Southern Waters” is the usual billing for Hong Kong Bird Watching Society boat outings that aim to find seabirds.

These spring boat trips usually stop over for a hour or two on Po Toi Island itself, where there can be some migrant landbirds.

Two examples here: the Ashy Minvet  is a regular bird of passage on Po Toi, 

Ashy Minvet (Pericrocotus divaricus)

But the status of HK’s first Maroon Oriole, found on March 30 and snapped by me on Saturday April 1st 

Maroon Oriole - Oriolus trailii

- will require the deliberations of the records committee as to genuine vagrant/“escape” status.

HKBWS had such an outing (Po Toi and Southern Waters) on April 9th, but we dithered about going and it got fully-booked.  Fortunately, TONG Mengxiu had boat trips on 8th and 9th April, and we were able to join these trips on both days.

Thanks to Carrie MA for the local arrangements.

So, a full “Double Header” of sea-birding - Saturday was quite quiet but on Sunday, we  started well with a two-hundred plus flock of migrant Chinese Bulbuls, a sign that migrant birds were around.

Chinese Bulbuls - Pycnonotus sinensis

A steady trickle of Red-necked Phalarope on the water was also a good sign. (Yes, I know Phalarope are waders...)

Red-necked Phalarope - Phalaropus lobatus

Red-necked Phalarope - Phalaropus lobatus

By late morning, we had hit the skua jackpot, recording all three HK Skuas (Arctic, Long-tailed and Pomarine).
Readers who prefer “Jaeger” can look away now. Some Long-tailed Skuas... 

Long-tailed Skua - Stercorarius longicaudus

Long-tailed Skua - Stercorarius longicaudus

Long-tailed Skua - Stercorarius longicaudus

And here are some "Pom" shots....

Pomarine Skuas - Stercorarius pomarinus

Pomarine Skuas - Stercorarius pomarinus

Pomarine Skuas - Stercorarius pomarinus

Actually a lot of seabird IDs were confirmed using camera images… Was that really an Arctic Skua out there….(I chimp my photos) “Yes, it was…"

Arctic Skua - Stercorarius parasiticus

All the Skuas are out there to prey on migrating terns, but we didn't see terns well on the day.  Here is the Hong Kong Bird Watching Society boat, ready for some seabird action....

Here, prior to a distant take-off, are both Great Crested Terns and Eastern Common Terns sitting on floating jetsam south of Po Toi Island.

A few shots from the boat that I hope convey some of the atmosphere of the trips.  Even seabirding does not escape the presence of man near HK, with many cargo vessels at anchor between Po Toi and the Dangan Islands.These are mostly Pomarine Skuas in the top shot, with mainly Long-tailed Skuas below.

The trip ended at Shaukeiwan, Lion Rock is visible in this shot from Hong Kong Harbour’s south-eastern approaches.

A couple of fine - if tiring - days on the waves.

16 March 2017

Southwest Pacific Seabirding - Part II New Ireland to Kolombangara

Beck's Petrel - Pseudobulweria becki

On 20th January 2017 we arrived off Silur Bay, New Ireland.   We were there because we knew that Birdlife International had identified the area in 2012 as a good site to encounter Beck’s Petrel and a Team from Birdlife had been trying to trap and attach a radio tag to a Beck’s Petrel ten months earlier. 

New Ireland (Island Province of Papua New Guinea)
The nest and young of Beck's Petrel have never been found, but they are believed to be nesting high in the misty hills of New Ireland.

Beck's Petrel - Pseudobulweria becki

The Whitney South Seas Expeditions of 1920 to 1932  “visited nearly every significant island in the South Pacific…to collect birds…” (Watling, 2004) The principal bird collector on these voyages was Rollo H. Beck, and in 1928 he shot the first specimens of the bird now known to science as Pseudobulweria becki - Beck’s Petrel, an smaller version of the more widespread Tahiti Petrel.

Beck’s Petrels then went unseen for eighty years until a confirmed rediscovery by Hadoram Shirihai in 2003 to 2007.  The bird has plenty of mystique, due in part to its little-visited main geographic range, but it is suspected to breed on New Ireland.

Heritage Expeditions’ Western Pacific Odyssey (WPO) recorded them subsequently every year after 2007 when they travelled through New Ireland waters.

Beck's Petrel - Pseudobulweria becki

Beck's Petrel - Pseudobulweria becki

In 2013 we had done the “WPO", and had seen one or two distant Beck’s Petrels off Cape St. George, the southern tip of New Ireland, but had passed most of the coastline after dark.

20th Jan 2017

There may been dozens of Beck’s Petrels roosting in the bay in March 2016, but our traverse of the bay at dawn and dusk revealed only one sitting Becks, and, although we saw a few individuals flying parallel to the coastline, they seemed to be positively avoiding the Yacht Sauvage.  The weather was very calm and the birds seemed rather listless.

Beck's Petrel - Pseudobulweria becki

Beck's Petrel - Pseudobulweria becki

There were compensations, though, in the number and variety of cetaceans to be seen.  New Ireland is a raised coral atoll, but the tectonic plates of the Pacific “Ring of Fire” are close offshore, and a deep oceanic trench lies close to and parallel with the shore.
We saw Short-finned Pilot Whales every day, as well as Risso’s Dolphins, Spinner Dolphins,  and several Sperm Whales. 

Not sure about this one -young Fraser's Dolphin - (Lagenodelphis hosei)?

Short-finned Pilot Whales

Spinner Dolphin - Stenella longirostris

Spinner Dolphin - Stenella longirostris

Spinner Dolphin - Stenella longirostris

Spinner Dolphin - Stenella longirostris

Risso's Dolphins - Grampus griseus

Risso's Dolphins - Grampus griseus

Some "down time" off New Ireland

A highlight was a view of a party of three Sperm Wales seen very close. 

Sperm Whales - Physeter macrocephalus

Sperm Whale - Physeter macrocephalus

Sperm Whales - Physeter macrocephalus

Sperm Whale - Physeter macrocephalus

It became obvious that Becks Petrels were going to remain “difficult”. We left the area after three days, mildly frustrated that we couldn't get closer views most of the time. We sailed away from Cape St. George with a squall in view to the south and the wind increased.  Then it was time for the Beck’s Petrels to to swoop over the choppy leaden-coloured seas.  They hadn't really lost their mojo, they were just waiting for the wind to get up....!

Beck's Petrel - Pseudobulweria becki

We were heading back to the Solomons via the south coast of Bougainville.

We saw a couple of water spouts, but a more intimate signal of nature’s whims was a sequence of five slight judders felt across the Sauvage itself, as if a giant hand was slapping the keel several times in quick succession.  The phenomenon brought even our hosts on deck to find out what was happening.  We guessed at the cause, but this confirmed it for us - shockwaves from an underwater earthquake. 

Water spout, off New Ireland

A couple of days later we were back near Gizo in the Solomons, where a Solomons Sea Eagle and the sight of locals rowing to market greeted us. 

Solomons Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus sanfordi)

We had all read Peter Harrison’s paper (Notornis,2014,Vol.61, 97-102) about his March 2013 study of Heinroth’s Shearwaters in the seas of the Vella Gulf near the New Georgia Island group, and we had seen two or three in the Blackett Strait near Kolombangara, (after we left Noro on Jan 16th) but the birds were quite distant.

From Yacht Sauvage's navigation system
25th Jan 2017

So, with five days left before our departure flight out of Gizo, and having seen very few anywhere else, we returned to nearby Kolombangara, and started to work the Blackett Strait for Heinroth’s Shearwaters between Kolombangara and Kohinggo (formerly “Arundel”) Island.

Kolombangara coastline
Yacht Sauvage

Fishing with a handline

Blyth's Hornbills - Aceros plicatus

Again, birds were most active where schools of tuna chased sprats to the ocean surface.  In late January mixed flocks of wintering Eastern Common Terns and Black Noddies made up most of the seabird flocks, with a few Brown Noddies in the mixture. Small groups of up to five Heinroth’s Shearwaters were found associating with Tern/Noddy flocks of 100-200 birds or more.

Eastern Common Tern - Sterna hirundo longipennis

Brown and Black Noddies - Anous stolidus & A. minutus

Local fishermen would row to where these noisy salt-and-pepper flocks revealed the presence of fish, large and small. 

Blackett Strait, Kolombangara, Solomons

A faster wingbeat and a willingness to “snorkel" for fish made the Heinroths easy to distinguish after a little practice. 

Heinroth's Shearwater - Puffinus heinrothi

Heinroth's Shearwater - Puffinus heinrothi

As described in Peter Harrison’s paper, the Heinroths would often be floating at the edge of the resting flocks. 

Heinroth's Shearwater - Puffinus heinrothi  (with Black Noddies - A minutus)

We were able to see a variety of colour morphs in the clear tropical sunshine.

Heinroth's Shearwater - Puffinus heinrothi

Heinroth's Shearwater - Puffinus heinrothi

Heinroth's Shearwater - Puffinus heinrothi

Heinroth's Shearwater - Puffinus heinrothi

Heinroth's Shearwater - Puffinus heinrothi

Spot the Heinroths Shearwaters in these photos.....

Centre, with four noddies

Often, a whole Noddy/Tern flock would rise, leaving the Heinroths Shearwaters behind, seemingly oblivious, their heads in the water.

Heinroth's Shearwater - Puffinus heinrothi (centre, head down)

We thought this might make them vulnerable and we were nearly treated to the sight of our target bird being taken by a White-bellied Sea Eagle, but the shearwater dived just in time...  

(I'm aware that WBSE is not supposed to occur in the Solomons, but the white tail looks a good feature to me.)

A few frigatebirds came and left the swirling flocks of smaller seabirds. This Black Noddy narrowly escaped becoming breakfast.

Lesser Frigatebird - Fregata ariel

Eastern Osprey (Pandion cristatus), Solomons Sea Eagle (Haliaetus sanfordi)

It seems like there are a lot of things left out, but I'm going to wrap Part II (and see Part I) up now as a reasonably coherent narrative of how we spent 25 days in the South West Pacific.

Thanks again to our companions; 

Angus Wilson, and 

and our Yacht Sauvage hosts,  Sophie, Chloe and Didier Wattrelot.

Finally, a mobile phone shot of...

Bougainville Sunrise